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复习资料 >> 学位外语 >> 吉林省学位外语复习资料最新4套考试

作者:吉林大学自考网                                                        来源:www.jdzkw.com

吉林省学位外语复习资料最新4 套考试

外语培训保过班18604448283

试题 1

Dialogue One

Manager: When are you gonna take your vacation?

Woman: _    1 C. I was planning to take it at the end of this month. My husband and I haven't had a chance to have a vacation over the past three years. So we areplanning to travelto Europe this time.   Why?   2 D. Has something come up?

Manager:   Well, would it be too inconvenient for you to wait until next month?

Woman:   Hm....not really. 3 A.  I guess I can put it off until next month, but I've got to talk about it with my husband.

Manager:  4 B. Thank you very much.  . I really appreciate your being so flexible.

Dialogue Two

Speaker A: Why weren't you at school yesterday?

Speaker B:       5 C. I wasn't really feeling well.

Speaker A: What was wrong with you?

Speaker B: My stomach was upset.

Speaker A: Do you feel better now?

Speaker B:       6 B. I dodt really feel too well yet.

Speaker A: Do you want anything to make you feel better?

Speaker B: No, thanks.       7 A. I already took some medicine.

Speaker A: I hope you feel better.

Speaker B: Thank you.  D. Yes. I'm as good as an ox now.

Dialogue Three

Teacher: Tom, you're banging the table. It looks like you're angry.

Boy:       8 D.  I'vc looked everywhere.

      But I can't find the red block  (积木)  .

Teacher: Let me see. I can tell when I'm getting angry because my face feels hot and my heart beats faster. Did you feel anything like that when you banged the table just now?

Boy: Yes, I think so.

Teacher:  _  9 AThink about it.

     What else could you have done ifyou couldn't find the block?

Boy: Mmm...     10 C.  Ask you for help.    0r find something else to play with.

Teacher: That's great, Tom. B.  It must feeJ good.

Passage One

         One cowardly person came to a master ofmartial arts  (武术)  to leam bravery. The master looked at him and said:

  …………………………………………………..

        "The thing is," the ruaster smiled, <;that cowardice is only a habit. And by doing the things that scare us, we can  c~estroye stereotypes. And now you know that bravery is the same habit. To make it a part of yourself, you need to move forward into the fear. And then the fear will ret'reat, and bravery will take its place."

  11.  Wyhat task did the master askihe person to finish? C.  To tell strangers about his own weakness.           

  12.  What did the person think ofthe task? B. Ratherdifficult.

  13.  What does Paragraph 4 mainly describe?  C.  The changes experienced by the person.

  14.W}len the person came back to the master, _    C.  he was no longer cowardly 

15.  in the last paragraph the master explains    A.   why cowardice can change into bravery

  Passage Two

    My father had a small business, employing a~:,out 15 people at any given tune. We sold all sorts of dairy prc~c~ucts, and many more, from a small store in front of the dairy building. During the summer months, rows of eager tourists

………………………………………………………………………………….

   My father was a wise and compassicnate employer. Because of this, Debbie became a loyal and hard-working employee for 16 years-and a friend for life.

 16. The small business run by the author's father    D. was quite successful

 17. The author considered Debbie's mistakes as    C. unbearable

 18. When the author's father first mentioned Mrs. Forbush, Debbie thought th&t  . C. she would be punished

 19. The author's father A. didn't do what the author had suggested 

 20. It can be concluded from the way the author's father treated Debbie that  B. encouragement can make people improve

 Passage Three

      I saw an ad for a device that allows your dog to talk to you. Bow. r_.ingual, a Japanese inveD.tion. entereci the

……………………………………………………………………………….

     But I think I witnessed the ultimate dog communication technique years ago. It was a neighbor's dog. I can't

 remember the breed or name. All I remember is how bright she was. She had no need for Bow Lingual. Whenever

  frustrated w/th her family, which appeared to be quite often, she would stroll into the living room, turn her back to themand sit directly in front of the TV they were watching. And pee. No translation needed. And you need not be smart orrich to figure that out.   .

 21. We can infer from the passage that sale of"The Dog Translator" in Japan _   B. was quite successful

 22. "The Dog Translator" -* D. is quite simple and easy to use

 23. What will the author's dog Murphy do at the kitchen door to remind them ofher dinner?   A. She will give one bark.

 24. What does the phrase "in a row" in paragraph 3 mean? C. One after another. 

25. The author seems to think that "The Dog Translator" is    B. popular but useless

Passage Four

        Running late again, I rushed into the Cub Scouts parents' meeting, noting the surplus of empty chairs. At least, Iwasn't tl,e only one running behind, I told myself with great relief.

……………………………………………………………………………

    As I watched them, I thought of the empty chairs at that meeting and those who would never know this joy. After all, I gave those boys onlyone hour of my time every week, but they rewarded me with their hearts.

26. It is clear that the Cubmaster       D. was disappointed with the situation

27. The author began to feel guilty when     B. the master talked about the problem

  28. It can be learned that the author _  C. was willing to take the challenge 

29. At first the author considered spending time with children _     C. difficult but worthy 

30. The last paragraph is mainly written to   D. show that our efforts on children are rewarding

 Part III Vocabulary and Structure (10 points)

31. America's emphasis on the importance of education for everyone has spurred scientific research.   A .encouraged

32. Photojournalist Margaret White became famous for her coverage of significant events during the Second World War. C.reportage.

33. Below 600 feet ocean waters range from dimly lit to completely dark. C. faintly 

34. "I'm not meddling," Mary said mildly.   "I'mjust curious. "A.gently 

35, In 1861 it seemed inevitable that the southem states would break away from the Union. B. certain

36. Many of novelist Carson McCullers' characters are isolated, disappointed people. A.solitary

37. The workers finally called off the strike.C .cancelled

38. The stories of Sarah Orne Jewett are considered by many to be more authentically regional than those of Bret Harte. B. genuinely

39. The number ofthe United States citizens who are eligible to vote continues to increase.   D. entitled

40. Formulated in 1823, the Monroe Doctrine asserted that the Americas were no longer open to European colonization A .stated firmly

41.Smoking is not permitted in the office. D. allowed .

42. The chairman proposed that we should stop the meeting. C. suggested  

43. I feel regret about what's happened. A .sorry

44. She has proved that she can be relied on in a crisis. B. depended on

45. John removed his overcoat. C. took off

46. When she was invited to the party, she readily accepted. A.willingly

47. The dentist has decided to extract her bad tooth. A.takeou

48. You must shine your shoes. D.polish

49. The majority ofpeople around here are decent people. A .honest

50. A deadly disease has affected these animals. C.fatal

Part IV Cloze (10 points)

   Mystery novels sell thousands of copies each year. And many _51 B. readers   count Agatha Christie among their favoriteauthors. Christie was born in September  52 A. of  1890 in England. When she was   53 C. growing  up, her mother often told her  stories. Christie loved these    54  B. stories    that took her into a world of fantasy. Christie's mother also encouraged her to write   froma 55 A. young age.

   At 16, Christie went to a school in Paris to study piano and singing. She learned to play the piano very well. But she    56 D. never   made music a career because ofstage fright.

   At 22, she fellin love with Archie Christie. They    57 C. got       married in 1914 at the beginning ofWorld War I. During

 the war, Christie wrote her first detective story: The M.ysterious Ajfair at Styles. She chose the crime, and then _58 C. invented      a  detective named Hercule Poirot to solve it. She sent the book to a publisher,  59 A. but    it was rejected.

   After the war ended, CMstie sent her book to more publishers and finally in 1920, one   60 D. Published  it. She earned just ~25 for it. Over the next few years, Christie wrote more books and short stories, gaining experience as a writer.

Part V Translation (15 points)

Most people do not equate wealth with a big house or yacht(游艇).In fact, only 7% ofpeople surveyed associate

……………………………………………….

six-figure yearly income would make them feel rich. Yet most people who are rich don't even consider theruselves rich.

    大多数人并不认为富有等同于大房子或游艇。事实上,只有7%的被调查者把富有与汽车、房子和船这些物质财富联系在一起。相反,在许多人看来,富有只是意味着在下一个发薪日到来之前衣食无忧--33%的被调查者是这么认为的。另有26%的人将富有或有钱看成是即便辞去工作也有花不完的钱。然而,很少有人用具体的美元数额来衡量怎样才算富有。约有17%的人觉得富有意味着拥有至少100万美元或更多,11%的人称有6位数的年收入就会感觉有钱。而大部分有钱人根本不认为自己有钱。

Part VI Writing (15 points)

1.你认为奖励和奖金重要吗?他们能起到激励人们努力工作的作用吗?

2.请举例说明你的观点。

           Do You Think Awards and Prizes can Serve a Useful Purpose?

    A prize or reward, whether it's the Nobel Prize, the Academy Award, or the best handwriting Award in an elementary school, is important. They can serve a useful purpose, because they can have economic, personal, an dsocial effects that enrich the iife Of the winners.

    Prizes like the Nobel Prize are cash award. The winners are encouraged financially. They can use the money toimp rove their living and working conditions, and as we know that many of the winners use the money for their further research and studies. An award, like the Academy Award, gives people honors. This is also an encouragement tothe recipients. For example, an actress who wins best actress with the Academy Award will be offered more roles and a higher pay than actresses who don't win. Even an elementary school boy who received the school's Best Handwriting Award will be proud of himself and may get a congratulation gift from his parents or grandparents.

    The personal benefits of receiving any reward are evident. Any award winner is pleased because he or she has been recognized as success fulin his or her work That's why when many people receive the Academy Award, they of ien cry because of happiness. So we can say that awards and prizes serve a very useful purpose in encouraging people to work harder and to be more successful.

考试复习题二

Dialogue One

Tina: l'm so glad the weekends finally here.

Lewis: Me too.   Imagine._1  D. lt's a long weekend.  We've got three days in a row.

Tina: So, where're you going? _

Lewis:     2  A I don't have any plans yet  l'Iljust playit by ear.   3   B. How about you?

Tina: We're going to go hiking and camping in the mountains.

 Lewis: That sounds exciting!

Tina: Wanna join us?

Lewis: Hm,  4 C. let me think about it. l'll let you know later.

    

Dialogue Two

James: Oh, my goodness, the tra ic is crawling.

Andy: _ 5 B. I think there's an accident ahead.

James: We're now running late.

Andy: _ 6  A. I know.  _Why don't we take a different route?

James: 7  D. Let me take a look at the map._Yes, there's an exit three quarters of a mile ahead.  We'll exit Market Street, head west, and then  get on the Pennsylvania Freeway.

Andy: OK, let's do that even though we may have to take a longer way.

Dialogue Three

Joan:    8  D. Why are you so late?

Mike: I couldn't find my car keys.

Joan:    9 C. What happened?

Mike: I left the keys in the car.

Joan: That's awful.  10 B. How did you get the door open?

Mike: Fortunately, my girlfriend has a spare key.

    

  A 10 Year-old boy decided to study judo (柔道) despite the fact that he had lost his left arm in a terrible  caraccident. The boy began lessons with an old Japanese judo master, and he was doing well. But he couldn't understand move to win the match.

Still amazed by his success, the boy was now in the finals.

…………………………………………………………………………

       "You won for two reasons," the master answered, "first, you've almost mastered one of the most difficult throws  in all of judo. Second, the only known defense for that move is for your opponent to grab your left arm."

11.    Why did the boy want to learn judo?  D. The reason was not mentioned in the passage.

12. When a referee cails  a "time-out", _   B. the game stops for a short time

13. Why did the master insist on continuing the match?   C. He had confidence in the boy's skill

14.    What probably caused the defeat of the boy's opponent in the final? A. ovar-confidence

15.   What does the passage mainly tell us?   A, One can turn a weakness into an advantage.      

  

 Passage Two

       Do American children still learn handwriting in school? In this age of the keyboard, some people seem to think handwriting lessons are on the way out.            

………………………………………………………………………….

      But Steve Graham at Vanderbilt said: "Word processing is rarely done in elementary school. especially in the early years. Even xvith high school teachers, we find that less than fifty percent of assignments are done via word processing or with word processing. And in fact, if we added in taking notes and doing tests in class, most ofthe writing done in school is done by hand.

16, Some people think handwriting lessons are out of date, because          D. they write through computers not by handwriting

17. According to the survey published by Professor Steve Graham   A.  most teachers in grades one to three still teach handwriting

18.  Students willleam handwriting  wellby_     B. practicing it once in a short time

19.  The purpose for us to write is to_  C.  express our ideas

20.  According to the author, handwriting lessons    D. are stil! necessary for elementary school students

Passage Three

   One of my favorite posters says, "Life is a test.    It is only a test.    Had this been a reallife you would have beeniristructed where to go and what to do. " Whenever I think of this humorous bit of wisdom, it reminds me not to takem,t life so seriouslt.

…………………………………………………………………………

      If you try this strategy you may be surprised at your changed responses.    For example, I used to struggle a greatdeal over the issue of my perception of not having enough time. I would rush around trying to get everything done. Iblamed m\/ schedule, my family, my circumstances, and anything else I could think of for my bad situation.   Then itdawned on me that my real challenge was to see my struggle as a test. Seeing this issue as a test finally helped me tocope with one of my biggest personal frustrations. It has become far more acceptable to me to take things as they are.

21.  The author suggests that people C. see iife as a test

22. lf Vou See the many challenges in your life as a battle you must win, you will probably _ A. feel greater pressure

23. Paragraph 3 in the passage _ B. offers a suggestion for handling problems in life    

24. As is mentioned in Paragraph 4, "your changed responses" may probably result

D. a new outlook on your problems

25. The author has realized that his problem was C. struggling with his issues too much        .     

Passage  Four

     Did your mum and dad go to university, or did they leave school and go straight to the Job Centre? The educational experience of parents is still important when it comes to how today's students choose an area of study and what to do after grraduation, according to The Future-track research in the UK.

………………………………………………………………………….

     For those with graduate parents, this lack of guidance may, the researchers suggest, be less of a probiern. "But, forthose without the advantages, lack of access to career guidance before applying for higher education leaves themexposed to making poorer choices, " the survey concludes.

26. The main idea of the passage is that     C. students' approach to higher education correlates with their parents' educational experience

27.  A  young person coming from a non-professional household   B.  is more likely to choose vocational education

28.  In which of the following aspects do Kim Burnett and Harriet Edge have in common?  D. Both ofthem chose degrees forjob security.

29.  It is implied that    A.  the cost ofa degree in medicine is very high

30. Those with graduate parents may       B.make better choices when applying for higher education

Part Ill   

31. The size of the castle and its commanding position still  A.impress  _the visitors today?

32. Lee is coming on very well now, and it's a   B.matter  _of deciding how to fit into the team.

33.  The trip to this city gave me the impression    C.that     it is not worth a second visit.

34.  You can hardly imagine how difficult   B.itis  to find a decentjob at a big company.

35. You have plenty oftime to go, so take it B.easy 

36._     D.This    is what bothers me; we have no time to consider late applications.

37. After   A. running through     the numbers in every possible combination, we finally hit on a solution.

38. Either h~ escaped, or he was put in prison; in C. any case he was never seen again.

39. We should C. any case  our differences and discuss the things we have in common.

40. Seldom did we realize that many of our hair problems C. result from what we eat.

41. Mark needs to travel  A. extensively.with his varied business interests.

42. To build more _ A. settlements   on the west bank of this river will lead to more blood shedd/ng.

43. There is a Chinese restaurant in the   A. neighborhood   Let's go there for a change.

44. Small children often wonder what keeps the earth  B. in place _jn space.

45. In terms ofthe quality of teaching, the high school my daughter attended B.shines

46. People who use words skillfully _ D. command  instant attention and respect.

47. The sun is so large that ifit were_  C .hollow   , it would hold a million earths.

48.  The movie T/tan/c,impressive and C.moving was a great hit both at home and abroad.

49.  She said, "You can call me at work. The_ B. extension number ofmy office is 2020."

50.  Having worked as a ( n) C.associate  professor for five years, he is considering becoming a full professor.

 

PartIV   Cloze

   The process of gaining or losing weight can be explained by comparing your body to your car. Both run B. on   fuel, food for your body and gasoline for your car. Both convert that fuel, first into heat, then energy, ,some of  D.  which isused to do work, and some emitted as waste. And just as your car uses more energy when the engine is racing tha.n whenit is idling,     B. so  your body uses more energy when you are working hard than C.   when  you are resting.

     For the purpose of this comparison, 55.A.however , there is one significant difference between them. Yol~r car. cannotstore fuel by turning it into something else; all gasoline not consumed remains as gasoline. But your body stores _ C.  excess  energy as fat. When the gas tank is B.completely   empty, the car won't run; but your body can burn fat to provide moreenergy.

       Therefore, if you want to gain weight, you must do C.    either    0f two things: eat more calories (units of heat,therefore energy), or use less through inactivity. If'you want to lose weight, you do the 59.A.reverse    , decrease w.. .ur ir,takeof calories or increase the amount of energy you spend. There is  B. no other. way. Gaining or iosing weight is always a

relation between intake and output of potential energy.

Part V   Translation (15 points)

   Too frequently, students seem to take for granted their right, or even their access? to interviews and to jobs needed. tobegin their careers.

produced enormous changes in the way business and industry operate in North America, and in the ways inwblebpeople are employed.

    通常学生想当然的认为,他们有权接受(甚至是有机会)面试、有权就业来开始他们的职业生涯。他们认为这些都是理所当然的。这种乐观的想法已经过时了。10年前,  就有人警告大学毕业生,要想终身在一家公司从事同一领域的工怍已经越来越不可能了。一个学生一生可能会换三至四次工作。而今许多大专院校毕业生,将不会从事他们本专业的工作。有些人可能只能找到非全日工作或合同制工作。在过去的十年中,北美工商企业的运营发生了巨大的变化,包括用人方式。

 

PartVI   Writing (15 points)

   1.你怎么看待微信?支持 (反对)或其他想法。

    In the iast few years, there has been a craze of Wechat,a kind of online communicating tool. An increasing number of people are using Wechat nowadays, chatting, posting and passing messages and articles online. Regardingthis phenomenon, opinions vary from person to person.

I am in favor of the use of We chat, taking the following factors into account. In the first place, Wechat provides us with an opportunity to communicate more freely and conveniently. And we can express our opinions to a much  larger aud;ence in the group or visited by our friends in the "Friends Community". Moreover, Wechat offers people a   chance to practice organizing their thoughts and language, which also helps sharpen their writing skills.

We ma\/ safely draw the conclusion from the above discussion, that Wechat is a useful communicating tool as well as medium, by which people can communicating their ideas and share information. So, Wechat will play a significant role in our life.

考试第三套

ialogue One

Mark: There is a sailor there. I am going to ask that sailor if he knows where I can find a boat to Mosquito City.

Mark:   1 C. Excuse me!

Sailor: Yeah. What can I do for you, buddy?

Mark: I am going to...        2 B. I want to go to Mosquito City.

Sailor: Mosquito City. Oh! Wow! Well, it's a great place, Mosquito City, buddy!

Mark: Ok, so I want to go there.        3 D. Can I go there on your boat?

Sailor: No, but ifyou walk about a mile to your left, you will come across a big banana boat.

Mark: A banana boat? ...that direction?

Sailor: Yeah,just ask for John. He is a friend of mine. Ok?          4 A. He will take you there.

Mark: Ok. Ok. Good on you.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Dialogue Two

Blanca: Hello. I'm calling about the apartment you advertised.

Manager: Yes.         5 C. What kind of apartment are you interested in?

Blanca: I'm interested in a one-bedroom. Do you have any available?

Manager: Yes. I have one. When do you need it?

Blanca: Sometime around next week.

Manager:       6 A. Well, it's a one-bedroom apartment.

The monthly rent is $650, with a $300 security deposit. You pay electricity only. Gas and water is

included. Both the heat and stove are gas. You'll be assigned a sheltered parking space at no extra charge.  7 D. And...that's probably it.

Blanca: Sounds good. May I come over tomorrow to take a look?

Manager: Sure.

Dialogue Three

Mary: We've been married 8 years in August.

Joan: Wow, that's a long time!        8 B. Do you regret it?

Mary: Not in the least!

Joan: Why?

Mary: Because we are happy.

Joan: 9 C. That is the most important thing.

      How have you stayed so happy?

Mary: We spend time together.

Joan: Anything else?

Mary: We talk to each other.

Joan: Every day?

lVIary: Yes, every day! It's important too!

JToan: Do you wish to change anything?

Mary: _10 A. I wish we had got married sooner!

Joan: Why do you say that?

rVlary: So I could have spent more time with her!

Passage One

    When we meet a person, our first impression is based on their body language and their speech. When someone

…………………………………………………….

    To get a hold of your bad habit of using "uhm", you can try the following exercises:  1) Record your speech when you prepare; 2) Write out your entire speech beforehand; 3) Take a moment to center yourself; and 4) Speak a little more slowly. Make a pledge today: drop the "uhm"!

 11.  The main topic ofthe passage is _ D.how to make your speech flow

 12.   By the "bad habit", the author refers to . C. speaking in a broken way

 13.   The "bad habit" is harmful because it makes the speaker look  C. unconfident

 14.  The word "unleam"(Para. 5) can be replaced with c  B. stop 

15.   The last paragraph is concerned with   A. the strategies to get rid ofthe bad habit

Passage Two

     Saving energy means saving money. Homeowners know this basic fact, but they often don't know what kinds of adjustments they can make in their houses and apartments that will result in savings.

……………………………………………………………...

     be leaky to let in cold wind, and choose double-paned  (取层)  windows if you're building an addition or replacing old windows. Most areas of your home or apartment offer opportunities to save energy and ruoney. The results are significant and are well worth the effort.

 16.  According to the passage, which ofthe following would an energy assessor do?

  D.  Check your heating system.

 17. As is implied in the passage, energy assessment is  B. worthwhile in the long run

 18. Which ofthe following is NOT mentioned in the passage?    C.Alocal energy company will send an energy assessor on request.

19. According to the passage, double-paned windows     A.are energy efficient 

 20. Which ofthe following best expresses the main idea ofthis passage?   A.There are many things a homeowner can do to save energy and money.

 Passage Three

   Is Halloween celebrated where you live? In the United States and Canada, Halloween is widely known andcelebrated every year on October 31. Halloween customs, though, can be found in many other parts of the globe.     ……………………………………

   In view of the foregoing, it is wise-for you to know about the dark origins of Halloween and similar celebrations.Having this fuller understanding may help you decide whether to participate in these holidays.

21.   According to the author, the theme ofHalloween is to     C. contact the spirit ofthe dead

 22.   Many people regard Halloween celebrations as harmful because    B.  some ofthe celebration activities are frightening

23.   Those who celebrate Halloween without knowing its origins may _ A.  not understand Halloween's true meaning

24.   According to the passage, Halloween was probably first celebrated by _D. Celts

25.  The author's purpose in writing this passage is to     C. tell people to be carefulin deciding whether to celebrate Halloween

Passage Four

Scientists measured the impact that people have on the environment using a term called carbon "footprint." That footprint reflects the amount ofcarbon dioxide that is em/tted (摊放) into the atmosphere as a result of someone's daily

………………………………………………………………………….

    The new findings are an important contribution to climate research, says Matthew Kahn, an environmental economist at the University of California, who was not mvolved with the study. Kahn would like to see the analysis applied to other parts of the world-Europe, India and China, for instance. That would give scientists a better feel for how culture might mix xvith location to infiuence our carbon footprints.

26.   "Footprint" refers to the amount ofcarbon dioxide released by   A. anindividual

27.   What is the new finding concerning the footprints ofpeople living in cities and those living in suburbs? D. The latter are higher than the former.

28.   What is the key factor m. entioned to explain the new findings?  B. Distance travelled by cars.

29.  What cloes Matthew Kahn think ofthe new findings?  A. He thinks highly ofthem.                                    

30.   What is the purpose ofthe author in writing the passage?  C.Yo introduce the research on carbon footprints.

 Part II! Vocabulary and Structure (10 points)

31. Will you please call my husband as soon as possible? C.phone

32. We'll give every teacher space to develop. C.room 

33. I have to go at once. B.immediately

34. The policeman asked him to identify the thief. A. name

35. We were all there when the accident occurred.  A.happened

36. It took me exactly a week to complete the work. D. finish

37. The herb medicine eventually cured her disease. C. finally

38. Sulphur has occasionally been found in the earth in an almost pure state. C. sometimes

39. When doves are about two weeks old, they are covered with grey feathers and are  ready to ly their wings. D. test

40. I rarely wear a raincoat because I spend most of my time in a car.B. seldom                      

41. I had to keep the video camera ready  _  I saw something that needed to be filmed.      B. incase

42. l'd appreciate  _  if you would like to teach me how to use the computer. B. it

43. People get wiser and more experienced _  the increase ofage. A. with

44. The way  _ such research impacts on us may not be immediately obvious.  A. in which

45. The fact that the child was born didn't prevent him from performing well at school.      A. weak

46. The U.S. devotes _ ofitsincome to universities and colleges as Germany. D.  twice as much 47.  bothers me is that I have failed the road test. C. What

48. It is   the teachers to see that these rules are observed. C. upto 

49. What he said was too    for me to understand and I got totally lost. C. complex 

50. What I did was right, and ifl had done anything less, it  wrong. A.  would have been

Part IV Cloze (10 points)

A new report says more and more intemational students are attending colleges and universities in the US. It also notes a large increase in the number ofinternational students      51 B.from    China.The report is a joint project of the State Department and the Institute oflntemational Education (IIE), a non-profit educational and traini_ng  52 C.organization   .The report documents the     53 A. number    0finternational students in the US during the 2011-2012 school year. It says more than 764,400 such students _ 54 D. wereattending American colleges and universities during that period,    55 C.which     represents an increase of almost 6% compared to one year earlier.  56 B.Bycomparison   , the number ofAmericans       57 A. studying   0verseas mcreased by one percent. The report says 194,000 students at American colleges and universities were from China. That is an increase of more than 23% over the year 58 D. before   . Peggy Blumenthal, an assistant to the IIE president, 59 C.described    the effect of the ncrease in Chinese students, "Now they have been coming for some time. But this year was the    60 B. highest    level ever, and it really showed in the figures, driving the whole global, international undergraduate enrollment to be higher than the graduate students."

Part V Translation (15 points)

    A study found that people generally become happier and experience less worry after age fifty. In fact, it found thatby the age of eighty-five, people are happier with their life than they were at eighteen.

    有一项研究发现,一般来说,人过了50岁,幸福感会增强,而烦心事却会减少。实际上,研究还发现,一个人85岁时比他18岁时幸福感更强。

    随着年龄增长而明显改善的并非只是幸福感。另一项研究表明,八十多岁的人报告的睡眠问题最少。研究者对150 000美国成年人进行了调查。研究的初衷是试图证实一个普遍的看法,即年龄增长会使睡眠问题增加。调查确实发现中年时期睡眠问题会有所增如,尤其是中年妇女。但是,除此之外,被调查人报告,随着年龄增长,他们的睡眠质量反而有所改善。

Part VI Writing (15 points)

1.你认为业余爱好对人们有好处还是坏处?

2.举例说明业余爱好对人们有什么好处或者坏处。

The Advantages or Disadvantages ofllaving Hobbies

    Most people have hobbies, and I think this is very good, because hobbies can bring them many advantages.

    First of aH,a hobby can make boredom a thing ofthe past, because the hobby can fill their empty hours with interesting and constructive activities.  For example,I like gardening.  Whenever I feel bored,1 would go to my balcony to take care of the plants and enjoy the beautiful flowers. Then l would feel relaxed.A hobby can also add to the sense of self-esteem. Because knowing oneself is an expert at something can increase one's confidence. Thirdly,a hobby can bring one in contact with new and interesting people. Other people who share the same hobby are an excellent source of friendship. For example, people who like singing have organized some singing organizations, and many ofthem have become close friends.

Hobbies can often bring a lot of advantages to the people who invest time and energy iIl them. So I think we all should have hobbies.

 

第四套题

Part I Dialogue Completion (10 points)

Dialogue One

Speaker A: Are you going to the party on Saturday?

Speaker B: I was thinking about it.  _     1 D. Are you?

Speaiker A: Yeah, 1 heard it's gOing to be a lot of fun.

Speaker B:       2 C. Really?      Well, what time does it start?

Speaker A:It starts at 8:00 pm, and I really think you should go.         .

Speaker B:      3 B. Well, who all is going to be there?

Speaker A: Everybody from school.

Dialogue Two

Speaker A: Have you heard my good news?

Speaker B:      4 B. You haven't told me anything yet.

Speaker A: I got a promotion at work earlier this week.

Speaker B:      5 A. Is that right?

Speaker A: It's the truth. I am really happy.

Speaker B:Congratulations on your promotion.

Speaker A: Thank you very much.

Speaker B: I am really excited for you.

Speaker A:       6 D. Are you really?

Speaker B: I'm serious. You deserved this promotion.

Speaker A:        7 C. Is that what you really think?

Speaker B: Yes, I do.

Dialogue Three

Speaker A:        8 B. I need v. our assistance.

Speaker B: What's the problem?

Speaker A: I can't find the place I'm looking for.

Speaker B: What are you looking for?

Speaker A:       9 D. 1 8m trying to go see a movie.

Speaker B: You don't know where the theater is?

Speaker A: I'm completely lost.

:Do yoL~ have 8~iy idea where the mall is?

Seker A: Yes, I do.

Spe ker A: r ciiciln't kn.W the mall hac; a movie theater.

pealk,er B: 10 A. The maU has ns oxvn movie theater.

It's newiy opened.

C.I'm going f,o the maZl.

l Rea~ing Conxpreherzsion (40 points)

19~irectioi~s:T re LZre 4 passages in zh/s part. Each passage is.foilowed by 5 questions or Hnished s'tatemerzts. Foreach oj theFn there are 4 choices marked A, B, C anud D. Coose the best one and mark your answer on th.e ANSWER SHEET wil a singie bar through the center of the letter.

 Passage One

peopie, particularly recent college graduafes, dream of owning their own businesses. Although such

…………………………………………………………..

Many report that hard work had never been so enjoyable before. Careful research, investigation9 and plann/ng at t~e outset d.o not guarantee success, but they provide a good foundation for the new small business and iis owner.

11.11ile main idea ofthe passage is about C. tips on how to start your own business

12 Which of the following advisers is most necessary before you begin? C. A lawyer

13. The arlticle indicates that most successful small-business owners are B. experienced in the field

 14. One advantage ofbuying an existing business over starting a new one is that B. k has records readily available

 15. New business owners may avoid potential problems by _      . D. careful planning.

Passage Two

    The comfort zone is our living; work, and social environments that we have grown accustomed t.o. It determir~es

 ……………………………………………………………….

    Note if the comfort zone we are seeking is beyond our current income, then, we need to develop a servic~: tha.t

has greater value than our current one. Money, power and influence are not goals; they are rewards onay for persor~al

achievement.

16.  As one grows older,____. A.  one's comfort zone becomes narrower

17.  What does "be discontent with our current comfort zone" (Para. 3) mean?  D.   Be dissatisfied with our present lifc.

18.  According to the author, daydreaming  _  C.   prepares us for meaningful changes in life

19.  It can be inferred from Paragraph 4 tha B.  comfort zone is not necessarily positrvc

 20.  By seeking a better comfort zone, people aim t.o  . A.  make greater achievements

Passage Three

    Entire cultures operate on elaborate systems of indirectness. For examp!e, it is discovered in a  small researchproject that most Greeks assumed that a wife who asked, "Would you like to go to the pa:rty;"' was :hinting that she

 …………………………………………………………..

    over rice-as the last course of a luxurious meal. Befu was not surprised by the feast, because he knew that custom required it. Had he been given what he asked for, he would have been insulted. But custom also required that he make a great show ofbeing surprised.

21.  According to Paragraph l, Greeks believe that womenC.   carefully weave their wishes into questions

22.  On receiving a lunch invitation, Befu first has to D.  judge whether the in~itatiori is .serious

23.  Why would Befu ask for tea over rice? A.   To be polite by making things easy. 

24.  Which ofthe following statements is true? B.  It would be impolite to serve a simple lunch.

25.  What is the main idea ofthe passage'?  B.  Indirectness is evident in many cultures.

Passage Four

    In Western culture, an engagement begins with iGyes" to a simple question: "Will you marry me?" Theseheart-stopping words often come with a beautiful diaruond ring. The man making the proposal may get down on one knee. In fact, men have relied on this simple, romantic method ofproposing marriage for years.

     ……………………………………………………………………..

    These men were confident they would get the answer they wanted. But that's not the point: Creative proposals leave memories to be cherished.

 26.   What will men do in a traditional proposal? B.  Buy diam. onds in advance.

27.  Which ofthe following statements is true?  A.   Firestone didn't speak out the proposal.      

28.  What does "to br.ag about" (Para. 3) probably mean?  A.  To talk about with pride.

29.  Which ofthe proposals was witnessed by the largest number ofpeople? C. JoeUva's. 

30.wards creative proposals?C.   They are beautiful memories in life.  

Part III   Vocabulary and Structure (10 points)

31. We feel sorry _  those who died or got injured in the disaster .C. for

32. Mary was out all night and her parents kept asking her where she _    . C. hadbeen

33. Chelsea and her husband are now working on a new dictionary _     . next year.B.  to be published

34. Not discouraged by the accident, she began to work   .D.  twice as hard

35.     it rain, the crops would be saved.B. Should

36. He has changed a lot: _     _ in the past he was extr~:mely self-centered, now he has real concern for others.D. Whereas

37. I finally got the job I dreamed about. Never in all my life _   __ so happy, A. hadlfelt

38.  We will be losing money this year _  our new plan works well.B. unless

                                                                                                    I offer my apologies in advance.

39.   This article may shock some sensitive readers, _ C. towhom  

40, They couldn't afford to eat in a restaurant because none ofthem had                  money on them.C. any 

41.  is known to all, good friends add happiness and value to life.B. As

 42.   It was five o'clock in the afternoon they reached the top of the mountain. A. that

 43.   He is always ready to help others, never     them when they turn to him. C. refusing 

 44.  The Internet connection for the entire area  when there was a sudden power cut yesterday. D. waslost

 45.  One can't be really happy if_ _ he enjoys doing is regarded by society as ofno importance  A. what

 46.   This movie appeals to passions ofthe people and   to strengthen national unity. A. helps 

 47.   You can fool some ofthe people some ofthe time; but you _  fool all the people all the time. A. cannot 

 48. The company provides guidance and help so that you can decorate your house _ your own taste. B. to   

  49.   The manager decided to give the job to _he believed had a strong sense of duty. D. whoever

  50.   High blood pressure is a risk factor that should often be _D. monitored

  Part IV Cloze (10 points)

    Living in a city has both advantages and disadvantages. On the plus side, it is often   51 A. easier _ to find work,and there is usually a choice of public transport, so you don't need to own a car.    52 B. Also, there are a lot ofinteresting things to do and places to see.  53 A. Forexample , you can eat in good restaurants, visit museums, and _54 D. go   to the theatre and to concerts. What is more, when you want to relax, you can usually f/nd a park    55 B. where    you can feed the ducks orjust sit on a park bench and read a book. All in all, city life is full ofvariety and you need never feel  _56 . C. bored However, for every plus   57 C. there  is a minus. For one thing, you might have a job, but   58 A. unless   it is very well-pa/d, you will not be able to afford many of the things that there are to do, because living in a city is ofi.en very expensive. It is particularly difficult to find good,   59 B. cheap   accommodation. What is ruore, public transport is

sometimes crowded and dirty, especially during the   60 B. rush    hours, and even the parks can become very crowded, especially on Sundays when it seems that every resident is looking for some open space and green grass. Last of all,despite all the crowds, it is still possible to feel very lonely in a city.

Part V Translation(i s pojpAts)

   Quitting smoking is more of a matter of willpower than ofindividual cboice, for smoking is widely recognized

…………………………………………………………..

places in some big cities, which is a positive sign that the awareness of the harm of cigarette smoking has been strengthened.

与其说戒烟是个人选择的问题,不如说是意志力的问题。其原因是吸烟被公认为是个顽习,一旦养成,就需要决心和努力才能戒掉。尽管有可能通过药物治疗或就医永远戒烟,但避免麻烦的最好办法就是一开始

就不抽烟。

    吸烟产生的不可逆的影响程度不同,且与烟瘾和烟龄有关,也与最初接触烟的年龄有关。目前美国死于癌症的人当中有13是由于吸烟。令人遗憾的是,开始抽烟的人比戒烟的多,而且宣传吸烟潜在的危害可能下奏效,特别是在年轻人当中和由于烟草商的大力推销。在一些大城市的公共场所禁止吸烟,这是个积极的信号,表明人们更加明确地意识到吸烟的危害。

Part VI Writing (15 points)

Directions: You are to write in no less than 120 words on the topic of "Drunken Driving". You should base your composition. on the ozitline given /n Chinese below.

PartVI Writing写怍(15 points)

    Drunken Driving

    Nobody could have faiied to notice the fact that drunken driving has been a grave problem with whicb we are confronted. Generally speaking, there are several reasons behind this phenomenon. Firstly,recent decades have witnessed the rapid development of people's living standards. As a result, carsgained ever-increasing popularity and have found their way into our everyday life. Secondiy, people participate in more activities or banquets than ever before, where they will drink liquor. Then, they may get drunk but continue to drive.

    Drunken driving is bound to generate severe consequence if we keep turning a blind eye ton.Firs and foremost, this behavior will directly threaten the safety of drivers, passengers and pedestrians, resulting in traffic accidents, injuries and even deaths. Besides, treating the injured and repairing broken cars mean a grievous waste of money, time and resources. Last but not least, this irresponsible driwing will make the road a nightmare, and thus,it will causes serious losses of faith in governments and the society. In view of the seriousness of this problem, effective measures must be taken before things get worse.First, it is essential that the supervisory role of laws and regulations should be strengthened to punishthose performing drunken driving. Secondly, the public, especially drivers, should enhance their awareness of public safety. With stringent laws and alert public, it will only a matter of time for drunken driving to become things ofpast.

 

 

 

 

 

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