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复习资料 >> 学位外语 >> 2010年吉林省学位外语考试复习资料大纲(自考网免费提供)

作者:吉林大学自考网                                                       来源:www.jdzkw.com

2010年吉林省学位外语考试复习资料大纲(自考网免费提供)

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Part I Vocabulary and Structure

Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a singe line through the center.

 1. Once we have         the store, we shall owe money to no one.

     A) paid in       B) paid off        C) paid over    D) paid down

 2. John has been busy preparing for the_______examination to college these days.

     A) acceptable    B) admission      C) advanced    D) entrance

 3. The         outside the house said "No Parking".

     A) advice       B) signal          C) label        D) notice

4. That          instrument can record even very slight changes.

     A) delicate      B) feeble          C) sensible      D) feasible

5. The secretary will           for you to visit our factory next week.

     A) manage      B) arrange         C) order        D) organise

6. During the past ten years there have been           changes in the international situation.

     A) permanent    B) dramatic        C) powerful     D) imaginary

 7. Tom has been           of sight for some years.

     A) busy         B) disappointed    C) ashamed      D) deprived

8. It is no use waiting for him any longer. We           go without him.

     A) as well       B) just as well      C) well         D) may as well

9. Why           it get colder when we go up a mountain? We' re getting nearer to the sun.

     A) ought to      B) should          C) would       D) must

10. You must try your best to           to the new environment.

     A) adopt        B) adjust           C) adapt        D) affect

11. None of us was_________when Bill asked for help.

     A) attainable     B) approachable     C) available     D) applicable

12. This is the           piano on which the composer created some of his greatest works,

     A) actual        B) real            C) genuine       D) true

13. Success in driving required not only skill and balance but also           alertness and concentration.                                                                                                                                            

Amental      B) nervous         C) manual        D) masculine

14. Mr. Russell is a good teacher, but he often gives           lectures.

A) excellent     B) extensive        C) sound         D) tedious

15. Myra showed no signs of emotion till she reached home,          she broke down completely.     

     A) as B) after C) when Dbecause                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   

 16. If you never do any work, you will only have yourself           if you fail your exami

     nation.

     A) to fault              B) to reprove            C) to blame           D) to mistake

17. Does anybody think John's remarks are          to our discussion?

     A) relevant       B) related         C) concerned      D) pointed

18. His discovery          nothing though he tried very hard.

     A) counts        B) amounts to      C) sticks to       D) gives up

19. Most people regard snake bites as a          misfortune, but not all bites are serious,

     and very few are deadly.

     A) wicked   B) critical   C) vital          D)fatal                                                                                                                                              

 20. The"lost money"          to be in the safe all the time.

     A) turned into     B) turned over       C) turned out     D) turned down

21. The archaeologists examined the          of ancient pottery.

     A) fragmentary    B) fragments         C) departments   D) sections

22. The President           a national holiday for the event.

     A) proclaimed     B) distinguished      C) mistook       D) exclaimed

23. The dogs followed the          of the escaped convict and finally found out his hide out.

     A) figure         B) shadow           C) size          D) scent

24. The troops have been on the          for a possible enemy attack.

     A) phone         B) rack              C) rise          D) alert

25. The child turned and ran away, in          , from the growling dog.

A) bravery        B) fright             C) boldness      D) fortitude

26. The identity of those who participate in a test administration is considered         .

     A)confident B)confidential C)industrious  D)influential                                                                                                                                                                                                            

27. I'll be away for about six months but you can write to me          my brother.

     A) in care of       B) by care of         C) with care of    D) under care of

28. Correct the errors,         , in the sentence.                       

     A) if there will be any  B) if there are some   C) if they have any  D) if any

29. You have been working all day; it's high time that you          home.

     A) would go       B) will go            C) must go        D) went

30. Reading will          what a person had not learned in school or what he had not

    thoroughly grasped or previously thought through.

     A) lead to         B) fill out             C) put aside       D) make for

Part II Reading Comprehension

Directions: There are 3 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

Passage One

Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage.

  In these days of technological triumphs, it is well to remind ourselves from time to time that living mechanisms are often incomparably more efficient than their artificial imitations. There is no better illustration of this idea than the sonar (声纳) system of bats. It is billions of times more efficient and more sensitive than the radars and sonars designed by man.

   Of course, the bats have had some 50 million years of evolution to refine their sonar.Their physiological mechanisms for echo location, based on all this accumulated experience, therefore deserve our thorough study and analysis.

   To appreciate the precision of the bats' echo locatton, we must first consider the degree of their reliance upon it. Thanks to sonar, an insect - eating bat can get along perfectly well without eyesight. This was brilliantly demonstrated by the Italian naturalist Lazzaro Spallanzani.He caught some bats in a bell tower, blinded them. and released them outdoors. Four of these blind bats were recaptured ,after they had found their ways back to the bell tower,and on examining their stomachs’ contents, Spallanxani found that they had been able to capture and eat flying insects. We know from experiments that bats easily find insects in the dark of night, even when the insects make no sound that can be heard by human ears. A bat will catch hundreds of softbodied silent flying insects in a single hour. It will even detect and chase pebbles ( 卵石 ) tossed ( 向上扔) into the air.

 31. According to the author, the sonar system of bats is an example of the idea that       .

A) this is the age of technological triumphs

B) modern machines are inefficient

C) living mechanisms are often more efficient than man - made machines

D) artificial imitations are always less efficient than living mechanisms

 32. The author suggests that the sonar system of bats       .

      A) was at the height of its perfection 50 million years ago               

      B) is better than man- .made sonar because it has had 50 million years to be refined

      C) should have been discovered by man many years ago              

D) is the same as it was 50 million years ago                             

 33. Echo location in this article means the       .                                        

      A) location of echoes                                                      

      B) ability to determine where an echo comes from                           

      C) scientific term for sound waves                                            

      D) ability to locate unseen objects by echoes

34. This article was written to illustrate ________.                                         

A) the deficiencies of man - made sonar   

B) the dependence of man upon animals

C) that we are living in a machine age                                            

D) that the sonar system of bats is remarkable

35. The following is the main point of the article:                             

      A) A bat will catch hundreds of insects in a single hour

      B)There is a perfection in nature which sometimes can not be matched by man's cre        ative efforts. 

      C) The phrase "blind as a bat"is valid.

      D) Sonar and radar systems of man are inefficient.       

Passage Two

 Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage

  Foxes and farmers have never got on well. These small dog-like animals have long been accused of killing farm animals. They are officially classified as harmful and farmers try to keep their numbers down by shooting or poisoning them.

     Farmers can also call on the services of their local hunt to control the fox population. Hunting consists of pursuing a fox across the countryside, with a group of specially trained dogs, followed by men and women riding houses. When the dogs eventually catch the fox they kill it or a hunter shoots it.

     People who take part in hunting think of it as a sport; they wear a special uniform of red coats and white trousers, and follow strict codes of behavior. But owning a horse and hunting regularly is expensive, so most hunters are wealthy.

    It is estimated that up to 100, 000 people watch or take part in fox hunting. But over the last couple of decades that number of people opposed to fox hunting, because they think it is brutal (残酷的) , has risen sharply. Nowadays it is rare for a hunt to pass off without some kind of confrontation (冲突)between hunters and hunt saboteurs(阻拦者). Sometimes these incidents lead to violence, but mostly saboteurs interfere with the hunt by misleading riders and disturbing the trail of the fox's smell, which the dogs follow.

    Noisy confrontations between hunters and saboteurs have become so common that they are almost as much a part of hunting as the pursuit of foxes itself. But this year supporters of fox hunting face a much bigger threat to their sport. A Labour Party Member of the Parliament, Mike Foster, is trying to get Parliament to approve a new law which will make the hunting of wild animals with dogs illegal. If the law is passed, wild animals like foxes will be protected under the ban in Britain.

36. Rich people in Britain have been hunting foxes __  .

    A) for recreation                     B) in the interests of the farmers

    C) to limit the fox population           D) to show off their wealth

37. What is special about fox hunting in Britain?

    A) It involves the use of a deadly poison.

    B) It is a costly event which rarely occurs.

    C) The hunters have set rules to follow.

    D) The hunters have to go through strict training.

38. Fox hunting opponents often interfere in the game  __  .

    A) by resorting to violence           B) by confusing the fox hunters

    C) by taking legal action             D) by demonstrating on the scene

39. A new law may be passed by the British Parliament to  __  .

    A) prohibit farmers from hunting foxes

    B) forbid hunting foxes with dogs                              

    C) stop hunting wild animals in the countryside

    D) prevent large-scale fox hunting

40. It can be inferred from the passage that  __  .

    A) killing foxes with poison is illegal

    B) limiting the fox population is unnecessary

    C) hunting foxes with dogs is considered cruel and violent

    D) fox-hunting often leads to confrontation between the poor and the rich

Passage Three

Questions 41 to 45 are based on the following passage.

It was not yet eleven o' clock when a boat crossed the river with a. single passenger who  had obtained his transportation at that unusual hour by promising an extra fare. While the youth stood on the landing- place searching in his pockets for money, the ferryman (渡船夫)lifted a lantern (灯笼), by the aid of which, together with the newly risen moon, he took a very accurate survey of the stranger's figure. He was a young man of barely eighteen years, evidently country bred, and now, as it seemed, on his first visit to town.. He was wearing a rough gray coat, which was in good shape, but which had seen many winters before this one. The garments (衣服) under his coat were well constructed of leather, and fitted tightly to a pair of muscular legs; his stockings (长袜) of blue yarn (纱线) must have been the work of a mother or sister, and on his head was a three - cornered hat, which in its better days had perhaps sheltered the graver head of the lad' s father. In his left hand was a walking stick, and his equipment was completed by a leather bag not so abundantly (丰富地) stocked as to inconvenience the strong shoulders on which it hung. Brown, curly hair,well - shaped features, bright, cheerful eyes were nature' s gifts, and worth all that art could have done for his adornment (装饰). The youth, whose name was Robin, paid the boat-man, and then walked forward into the town with a light step, as if he had not already trav eled more than thirty miles that day. As he walked, he surveyed his surroundings as eagerly as if were entering London or Madrid (马德里), instead of the little metropolis (殖民城) of a new England colony.

  41. What time of the year was it in this story?

      A) Spring.      B)Summer.        C) Fall.       D) Winter.

42. The boatman was willing to take Robin across the river because       .

      A) he wanted to make extra money

      B) he was going to row across the river anyway

      C) he saw that Robin was young and rich

      D) he felt sorry for him because Robin lookedpoor

43. The stockings that Robin wore were obviously       .

      A) well worn     B) very expensive   C) handmade    D) much too big

44. Robin was apparently going to the town       .

      A) to buy new clothes                C) for the first time in several years

      B) for the first time                  D) on one the of his regular trips there

 45. How did Robin appear as he walked into town?

      A) He was cheerful and excited       C) He seemed very sad

      B) He was tired                    D) He seemed frightened by his strange surroundings

Part III    Translation

Direction: This part, numbered 46 through 50, is to test your ability to translate English into Chinese. After each of the sentences numbered 46 through 50, you will read four choices of suggested translation. You should choose the best translation and mark the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet. Number51 through 55 is to test your ability to translate Chinese into English, complete the sentences on Answer Sheet by translating into English the Chinese given in brackets.

46It does not alter the fact that he is the man responsible for the delay

    A)延迟应由他负责,这个事实是改变不了的。

    B)它改变不了这个事实,他是负责耽搁的人。

    C)它无法变换这个事实,他是那个人,主管这次延误。

    D)它改变不了这个事实,他是那个人,主管这次延误。

47. In the past, human societies tended to adopt values whose aim was to insure that the society would not die out.

    A)过去,人类社会能够接受价值观的目的在于确保社会不致灭亡。

  B)过去,人类社会倾向于采纳接受价值的东西,就是要确保人类社会不会灭亡。

    C)过去,人类社会的价值观的接受,其目的是保证人类生活的社会。

    D)过去,人类社会开始采用价值,其目的就是要保证社会不走向灭亡。

48. Radar has made travel and trade between nations easier and safer.

    A)雷达被生产出来,并在国家之间更容易更安全地旅行和交换。

    B)雷达的产生使国家之间的旅行和外交更容易、安全。

    C)雷达使国与国之间的旅行和贸易更容易和安全。

    D)雷达已使各国之间的旅行和贸易更容易、更安全。

49If we had known the basic principleswe should have controlled the process ever better

    A)如果我们认识这些基本理论,我们就能更好地控制这个程序'r

    B)假如我们了解这些基本原理,我们应该早点控制这个过程。

    C)如果我们见过这些基本理论,那么我们必须更早一点控制这个程序的使用。

    D)如果我们早知道这些基本原理,我们就会更好地控制这个程序了。

50Nowadayspeoplerely more and more on TV and newspaper to gain various information

    A)现今,人们越来越多地依靠电视和报纸获取各种信息。

    B)如今,人们越来越多地从电视和报纸上获取各种信息。

    C)眼下,人们在报纸上和电视上找到信息更方便。

    D)如今,人们越来越多地依靠电视和报纸寻找各种信息。

51. That factory is so well run that____________ (今年获得的利润是比去年翻了一翻)

52. By internet, he has been___________________(紧跟这一领域的最新发展)

53. Then one year _________________(她在另一所大学设法谋到了一份较好的工作)

54.The destruction of coral on the Great Barrier Reef is inevitable due to global warming____________________________________(无论现在采取什么措施)

55. Hard as the road for these students after school will be,

   ____________                                            (但他们的前途是光明的)

Part IV Writing

Directions: For this part, you are allowed to write a composition on the topic What Does the Expansion of College Enrollment Bring? You should write at least 80 words and you should base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese ) below :

1.  高校扩招给学生、社会带来的好处。

2.  高校扩招给高校带来的压力和挑战。

3.  如何解决这些问题?

 

普通高等学校在籍本科生申请成人学士学位(二学位)考生加试题

 

VIdentification

56. "Never I have heard such a thing in my life" said the old man.

       A         B              C          

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