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复习资料 >> 学位外语 >> 2014年吉林省学位外语考试复习资料大纲

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Module Test 1

Part   Vocabulary and Structure 30

Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D) Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

1. When a friend gave Jim a ticket to the game, he couldn’t       but go.

A) help              B) refuse               C) accept                D) receive

2. If the sun        itself out, all the life on the earth would be extinct.

A) has burnt         B) had burnt            C) burnt                      D) would burn

3. I’m sorry I missed         you while in Beijing.

A) to see          B) seeing              C) to have seen           D) having seen

4. The singer and dancer     our evening party.

A) is to attend         B) are to attend                C) were to attend               D) is attend

5. When the lecture was going on, he came in     .

  A) with no one notice                              B) with no one to notice

  C) without being noticed                                  D) without anyone noticing

6. The neighbors do not consider him quite  as most evening he awakens them with his drunken singing.

A) respectful             B) respectable                     C) respective                      D) respected

7. A man’s worth lies not so much in what he has        in what he is.

A) by                B) at                          C) as                   D) about

8. When a friend gave Jim a ticket to the game, he couldn’t       but go.

A) help              B) refuse               C) accept                D) receive

9. It is desired that he        everything ready before nine.

A) got            B) gets                C) get                  D) has got

10. Bob’s work proved    than theirs.

A) not much better  B) no much better                C) no more better     D) too much better

11. I’d just as soon remained    those important papers with you.

A) that you won’t take                             B) your not taking

C) please don’t take                               D) you didn’t take

12.         born and educated in England, she takes much interest in American literature.

A) Though           B) Since               C) Because               D) When

13. Being engaged in the research work, Mr. Smith seldom goes anywhere       his office.

A) apart from             B) in addition to      C) except to            D) instead of

14. He decided to go     some job advertisements.

A) look at           B) so to look at        C) and look at               D) for looking at

15. The elephant ought     hours ago by the keepers.

A) to be fed         B) to feed              C) to being fed          D) to have fed

16. American parents teach their children that it is     to talk with their mouths full of food.

A) dangerous          B) unhealthy           C) strange             D) rude

17. Don’t suspect your daughter     dishonesty.

A) of               B) of                 C) with                D) to

18. Many an airplane and many a big gun      in the exhibition.

A) are shown        B) has been shown              C) has shown             D) shown

19. I don’t want to use Marys ball pen because I don’t like      .

A) that ball pen of hers                                    B) that her ball pen

C) her that ball pen                                D) that ball pen of her

20. The police accused him of setting fire to the apartment but he denied     in the area on the night of the fire.

A) have been        B) to be                       C) to have been             D) having been

21. Why do you stand and watch the milk      over?

A) boiling            B) boiled                     C) to boil                    D) being boiled

22. It is reported that there is no better       for mother’s milk.

  A) alternative        B) equivalence          C) exchange            D) substitute

23. Science is still largely ignorant       the causes of many kinds of cancer.

  A) about            B) with               C) of                  D) to

24. I still can’t        why she married a man like that.

  A) reason out         B) figure out          C) make believe         D) take in

25.        to the question of refreshments, I should think lemonade and  sandwiches will be sufficient.

  A) Prior             B) As                C) Due                 D) According

26. My sister        her shorthand ability by taking notes in shorthand during lectures.

  A) keeps on          B) keeps up           C) keeps in             D) keeps with

27. I know I couldn’t have heard anything, but I do wish I      there.

A) were               B) was                 C) went               D) had been

28. When he was asked about the missing camera, the boy     ever seeing it.

A) refused             B) denied                C) opposed             D) pretended

29. I’m sorry I spent so much money, I wish you        so.

  A) hadn’t done      B) haven’t             C) didn’t do            D) don’t do

30.        you will have to make up your mind, so you might as well do it now.      

  A) Sooner or later  B) First of all          C) After all             D) Last of all

Part   Reading Comprehension 

Directions: There are 3 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C), and D) You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

Passage One

Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage.

The potential of closed-circuit television and other electronic teaching tools is so great that it is inspiring to imagine “the school of tomorrow”

Televised lessons will be given in a central building having perhaps four or five master studios. The lessons will be carried into classrooms all over a city, or even an entire country.

After a televised lesson has been given, the classroom teacher will take over for the all important “follow-up” period. The students will ask any troublesome questions, and difficult points will be cleared up through discussion.

The teacher in the classroom will have Additional electronic tools on the teacher’s desk; the traditional bright red apple will have been replaced by a multiple-control panel and magnetic tape players. The tape machines will run pre-recorded lessons which pupils will follow by head-phones. The lessons will be specifically connected closely to the student’s level of ability. For instance, while the class as a whole studies history, each student will receive an individual history lesson directed to his particular level of ability

Should questions arise, the students will be to talk directly to the teacher on individual intercoms” without disturbing the rest of the class. In this way, the teacher will be a, ble to conduct as many as three classes at the same time.

31. Closed- circuit television will probably carry lesson to        .

A) a single classroom                      B) in school

C) all the classrooms in the world            D) all the classrooms in a city or a country

32.After the televised lesson        .

A) the students will go to their next class

B) the classroom teacher will take over

C) the students will ask questions

D) both B and C

33. In the schools of tomorrow, the teacher’s desk will        .

A) contain electronic equipment

B) actually be a television set

C) no longer exist

D) look like an isolation cabin

34. In the schools of tomorrow, students will        .

A) all study different subjects at the same time

B) study at different levels within a subject at the same time

C) not study

D) not have to read books

35. Electronic tools will enable the teacher        .

A) teach more than one class at the same time

B) retire

C) teach only a small number of pupil

D) rely on TV stations only

Passage Two

Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage.

In spite of the strong opposition to new and stricter environmental laws, however, it is still possible to attack the problem of chemical pollution; but we must attack it from three directions. First, we need more independent research into the effects of chemicals by scientists who are not paid by the government or by large industrial companies. Second, scientists need to educate the general public and inform them about the dangers of chemicals in the environment. If the public knows that a certain chemical threatens the health of their children, then it will put pressure on politicians in local and national governments. If the politicians want to remain in office, they will take action to correct the situation. Third, economists need to educate governments about the long-term economic costs of chemicals. It will be extremely expensive to clean areas of land which are contaminated(污染)by chemicals; it will be even more costly to give medical treatment to people who are suffering from serious illnesses after exposure to dangerous chemicals. If governments realize this, the short-term economic benefits of chemicals will seem much less attractive to them.

If we can put pressure on governments in these three ways, perhaps they will begin to behave more responsibly. They will perhaps pass new laws against pollution and enforce them strictly. Perhaps, then, the chemical producers will begin to behave more responsibly.

36. Which of the following might be the best title for the passage?

   A) The Environment in Danger.                  B) The Problem of Chemical Pollution.

   C) New and Strict Environmental Laws.    D) Possible Solutions to Chemical Pollution.

37. Which of the following statements best describes the organization of the passage?

   A) Two contrasting views of a problem are presented.

   B) A procedure is explained and its importance is emphasized.

   C) A general statement is given and possible ways are presented.

   D) Recent scientific advancements are outlined in order of importance.

38. Which of the following is true of the governments mentioned in the passage?

   A) They are already behaving in an extremely responsible way.

   B) They do not believe that it is possible to solve the chemical pollution.

   C) They think chemicals do little harm to the health of humans.

   D) They are unwilling to stop the use of certain chemicals.

39. Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?

   A) The economy is more important to governments than the people’s health is.

   B) Governments think chemicals bring them more economic benefits than economic costs.

   C) The public knows enough about the dangers of chemical pollution.

   D) The governments fully realize the long-term economic costs of chemical pollution.

40. According to the passage, what will happen if the governments stop the use of some chemicals?

   A) The economy of the countries will suffer.             

   B) Unemployment in the countries will grow.

   C) Some people and scientists will criticize them.      

   D) The chemical producers will strongly protest.

Passage Three

Questions 41 to 45 are based on the following passage.

The accuracy of scientific observations and calculations is always at the mercy of the scientist’s time-keeping methods. For this reason, scientists are interested in devices that give promise of more precise time-keeping.

Passage Two

Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage.

In spite of the strong opposition to new and stricter environmental laws, however, it is still possible to attack the problem of chemical pollution; but we must attack it from three directions. First, we need more independent research into the effects of chemicals by scientists who are not paid by the government or by large industrial companies. Second, scientists need to educate the general public and inform them about the dangers of chemicals in the environment. If the public knows that a certain chemical threatens the health of their children, then it will put pressure on politicians in local and national governments. If the politicians want to remain in office, they will take action to correct the situation. Third, economists need to educate governments about the long-term economic costs of chemicals. It will be extremely expensive to clean areas of land which are contaminated(污染)by chemicals; it will be even more costly to give medical treatment to people who are suffering from serious illnesses after exposure to dangerous chemicals. If governments realize this, the short-term economic benefits of chemicals will seem much less attractive to them.

If we can put pressure on governments in these three ways, perhaps they will begin to behave more responsibly. They will perhaps pass new laws against pollution and enforce them strictly. Perhaps, then, the chemical producers will begin to behave more responsibly.

36. Which of the following might be the best title for the passage?

   A) The Environment in Danger.                  B) The Problem of Chemical Pollution.

   C) New and Strict Environmental Laws.    D) Possible Solutions to Chemical Pollution.

37. Which of the following statements best describes the organization of the passage?

   A) Two contrasting views of a problem are presented.

   B) A procedure is explained and its importance is emphasized.

   C) A general statement is given and possible ways are presented.

   D) Recent scientific advancements are outlined in order of importance.

38. Which of the following is true of the governments mentioned in the passage?

   A) They are already behaving in an extremely responsible way.

   B) They do not believe that it is possible to solve the chemical pollution.

   C) They think chemicals do little harm to the health of humans.

   D) They are unwilling to stop the use of certain chemicals.

39. Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?

   A) The economy is more important to governments than the people’s health is.

   B) Governments think chemicals bring them more economic benefits than economic costs.

   C) The public knows enough about the dangers of chemical pollution.

   D) The governments fully realize the long-term economic costs of chemical pollution.

40. According to the passage, what will happen if the governments stop the use of some chemicals?

   A) The economy of the countries will suffer.             

   B) Unemployment in the countries will grow.

   C) Some people and scientists will criticize them.      

   D) The chemical producers will strongly protest.

Passage Three

Questions 41 to 45 are based on the following passage.

The accuracy of scientific observations and calculations is always at the mercy of the scientist’s time-keeping methods. For this reason, scientists are interested in devices that give promise of more precise time-keeping.

In their search for precision, scientists have turned to atomic clocks that depend on various vibrating atoms or molecules to supply their “ticking”. This is possible because each kind of atom or molecule has its own characteristic rate of vibration. Atom on ammonia, for example, vibrates or “ticks” 24 billion times a second.

One such atomic clock is so accurate that it will probably lose no more than a second in 3000years. It will be of great important in fields such as astronomical observation and long range navigation. The heart of this Atomichron is a cesium atom that vibrates 9.2billiontimes a second when heated to the temperature of boiling water.

An atomic clock that operates with an ammonia molecule may be used to check the accuracy of predictions based on Einstein’s relativity theories, according to which a clock in motion and a clock at rest should keep time differently. Placed in an orbiting satellite moving at a speed of 18,000 miles an hour, the clock could broadcast its time reading on a similar model. Whatever differences develop would be checked against the differences predict.

41. The selection says that the accuracy of scientific observation depends on      .

A) methods of measurement              B) time keeping methods

C) basic assumptions                      D) earlier experiments

42. Atomic clocks difference according to      .

   A) function                            B) the type of molecule or atom used            

C) the rate of vibration                   D) both b and c

43. The Atomichron will be used in      .

   A) making astronomical observation      B) broadcasting

   C) measuring vibration rates                D) all of the above

44. From the selection, we may assume that temperature changes      .

   A) affect only ammonia molecules

B) may affect the vibration rate of atoms

   C) affect the speed at which atoms travel

   D) do not affect atoms in any way

45. An appropriate title for this selection would be      .

   A) A Peacetime Use of the Atom                B) Atoms and Molecules

   C) The Satellite Timekeeper                       D) The Role of the Clock

Part III  Cloze  10

Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D) based on the passage. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

Has it ever struck you that what the tourist considers most picturesque about a country the local resident often thinks shameful and unprogressive? The average visitor    46    the Middle East finds camels fascinating;   47    they attract him strongly or they repel him strongly, but    48  , he finds them romantic and   49    local color. If,   50   , he talks enthusiastically about camels to a local    51   , hoping to gain favor in his sight thereby, he will almost certainly be    52  . He will be met with    53    incomprehension of his viewpoint, or even hostility    54    it.

It seems to be a fact that familiarity    55    contempt, and that those who seek excitement and romance cannot see it at    56   , under their noses, but only in distant lands. The Middle Easterner traveling abroad enjoys    57    cowboys and Indians in America, old castles and cathedrals in France, and Gypsies in Spain. Is it not because they are unprogressive    58    he enjoys these sight; his pleasure is not mixed with feelings of superiority, just    59    the European or American visitor to the Middle East is    60   by camels and veiled women and ancient buildings, not    61   they make him feel how rich and clever he is    62   ,   63    because they are strange and remote and mysterious, arousing    64    him feelings of curiosity which are deeply rooted in man’s   65   .

46. A) for               B) to              C) at                   D) with

47. A) both              B) either             C) any      &n, bsp;         D) neither

48. A) in case           B) in this respect     C) in other words       D) in any case

49. A) full of             B) in addition          C) instead of           D) after all

50. A) ever                  B) however           C) yet                 D) above all

51. A) head              B) candidate          C) colleague            D) acquaintance

52. A) bothered          B) disturbed          C) disgusted             D) disappointed

53. A) blank           B) bleak                                                C) blind                D) bland

54. A) at                  B) for               C) with                D) to

55. A) bleeds           B) breeds              C) breaks               D) breathes

56. A) village           B) cottage             C) home              D) house

57. A) looking            B) to look          C) to see             D) seeing

58. A) that               B) which             C) what                     D) why

59. A) like              B) as               C) that                    D) because

60. A) destined            B) doomed              C) favored              D) fascinated

61. A) as                B) since              C) for                  D) because

62. A) by contrast       B) in conclusion       C) in that                    D) to sum up

63. A) but               B) since                C) so                 D) for

64. A) at               B) in                 C) out of               D) within

65. A) nature           B) birth              C) existence             D) individuality

Part Translation. (20 points)

Section A  English-to-Chinese Translation (10 points)

Direction: Put the sentences numbered 66 through 70 into Chinese.

66. Should your price be found competitive, we intend to place a large order with you.

如果你们的价格有竞争力,我们打算向你方大量订货。

67. It does not alter the fact that he is the man responsible for the delay.

   延迟应由他负责,这个事实是改变不了的。                                

68. From all this, we can certainly come to conclusion that there is still room for improvement.

从这一切我们能够肯定地得出结论,即还有进一步改进的空间。

69. It is commonly believed that the more we use our brains, the more mentally active we will be.

人们普遍认为,用脑越多,智力就越活越。

70. In our everyday life we see things moving about on the ground or in the air.

在日常生活中,我们看见许多东西在地面或空中运动。

Section B  Chinese -to-English Translation (10 points)

Direction: Put the sentences numbered 71 through 75 into English.

71. 我们有幸自荐,以期与贵公司建立业务关系。

We have the pleasure to introduce ourselves to you with a view to building up business relations with your firm.

72. 我们相信全球变暖正在影响着我们的生活。

We are convinced that global warming is affecting our life

73. 他希望写一篇文章,把公众的注意力吸引到这件事情上来。

He wishes to write an article that will attract public attention to the matter.

74. 科学研究的重要性无论怎么强调也不过分。

The importance of scientific research cannot be overemphasized.

75. 不解决人才和资金问题,谈论这项任务是无济于事的。

Unless the problem of talents and funds is solved, talking about the task is useless.

  

Part V  Practical Writing 10 points

 

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