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复习资料 >> 商务英语 >> 商务英语阅读(一)

作者:吉林大学自考网                                          来源:www.jdzkw.com

 

商务英语阅读

 

Part IV Translation

Part A  Translate the following sentences into English

1. 他试图为本国制造厂商与外国买家牵线搭桥。

He tries to marry domestic manufacturers with foreign buyers.

2. 在经历了财政丑闻之后,很多公司往往之只能通过做公益活动来改善公司形象。

After financial scandals. many companies can only resort to charity activities to improve their corporate image.

3. 有一家人银行已降低了利率,其他银行也准会照样做的。

One of the major banks has lowered its interest rate and the other bank is expected to follow suit.

4. 当地政府对这次危机的反应和它声称重视环保的态度完全不一致。

The local authorities response to the crisis seemed grossly inconsistent with its proclaimed commitment to environmental protection.

5. 香港被公认为全国最自由的经济体之一,也是进入中国内地市场的门户。

Hong Kong is widely recognized as one of the freest economies in the world and the gateway to the Mainland market.

6. 日本公司全体人员都一致同意出售公司以前收购的业务单元,因为它损害了公司价值。

The Japanese company is unanimous in its support of divestiture since the acquired business unit is destroying the corporate value.

7. 自从高盛宣布要在大中华地区招收1500新员工以来,…………..

Ever since Goldman Sachs announced its plan to recruit 1500 new employees in Greater China. Applications flooded into its HR office.

8. 周二,各界盛传关联储可能再次降息,以缓解股价暴跌对经济的冲击。

On Tuesday. It was widely rumored that US Federal Reserve would probably decrease interest rate again to relieve strike of sharp stock slump to economy.

9. 对中国而言,美元崩溃没有任何好处,尤其是会大大削弱中国产品在美国的竞争力。

China has little to gain from a dollar crash , not least because that would make its exports much less competitive in America.

10. 随着计算机技术的发展和互联网的广泛应用,计算机病毒越来越猖獗……

With development of the computer technology and wide use of the Internet ,computer virus has become rampant, posing a severe threat to information security on the Internet.

11. 他坐下并飞笔写信给印度政府,言辞激烈,说明了美国队纺织品进口政策的彻底改变。

He sat down and fired off a furious letter to the Indian government, describing a radical change of the US policy towards textile imports.

12. 不论时间和距离的限制,网络彻底改变了竞争的性质,还使得竞争更为公平……

Networks fundamentally alter the nature of competition and level the playing field especially for smaller business regardless of the barriers like time and distance.

13. 有关裁员的流言使得这家公司士气低落,处于有史以来的最低潮。

Rumors about redundancy make the company at its worst in terms of morale ever since its foundation.

14. 作为一名有超过15年工作经验的首席执行官,在这件事上他的判断决不是无可指责的。

As a CEO with more than 15 years of working experience his judgment in this matter was by no means infallible.

15. 政府部门本来打算把所有工人的加薪幅度限制在一个合理的水平上………….

The government had intended to limit the wage increase of all workers to a reasonable amount. but several trade unions stole a march on them by receiving large increases before the new laws came into effect.

16. 在两国于2007年达成双边自由贸易协定之前,他们的战略部门,例如棉毛、电子……

Before the bilateral free-trade agreement these two countries reached in 2007,their strategic sectors, such as cotton and woolen electronics, mining, car producing. etc.

17. 随着国有独资商业银行的体制改革,一些符合条件的商业银行开始上市……….

With the reform of the wholly state-owned commercial banks, when some qualified commercial banks seek listing in the stock market, others certainly will follow suit.

18. 作为这家企业的隐名合伙人(sleeping partner),他有权分利利润,但无权参加企业的管理。

As a sleeping partner of the enterprise, he is entitled to share the profits, but is deprived of participating in its management.

19. 通过完善市场体系,整顿和规范市场行为,我们将健全社会主义市场经济新秩序。

We will put in place a new order of the socialist market economy through completing the market system and rectifying and regulating the marker behavior.

20. 目前的低通货膨胀率和家庭收入的稳定增长将转为成为更多的购买力。

The current low inflation and steady growth in household income will translate into more purchasing power.

21. 这位著名经济学家提出,芬兰政府可仿照中国投资工资成立一个主权财富基金.

This renowned economist proposed that the Finnish government set up a sovereign wealth fund, modeled on China Investment Corp(CIC).

22. 政府部门本来打算把所有工人的加薪幅度限制在一个合理的水平上…………

The government had intended to limit the wage increase of all workers to a reasonable amount, but several trade unions stole a march on them by receiving large increases before the new laws came into effect.

23. 将来,我们除了发挥集团的协调效应外,也将与国际大厂策略联盟…………

In the future, in addition to syndicating our groups efforts. We will ally with foreign companies to leverage advantages and enhance global competitiveness.

24. 新任命的委员会主席在演讲中告诫银行和其他金融机构不要过度投机…………

In his speech, the newly-appointed chairman of the committee warned banks and other financial institutions against over speculation and reckless lending.

25. 俄罗斯现有的法律框架既保证了公民的私有财产权,也保证了外国实体…………

The existing legal framework in Russia guarantees private property rights for citizens as well as the rights of foreign entities to purchase and sell businesses within the country.

Part B Translate the following passage into Chinese

1. Success or failure of an acquisition is the result of a combination of several factors rather than being unidimensional .Thus Business Week’s study……..

收购的成败取决于多个因素的综合作用,而不是单方面的结果,因此,2002年10月《商业周刊》投导的一项研究得出了这样一个结论:兼并和收购交易中61%的买方损害了相关股东的利益,如果收购后的那些应该办的事没有得到足够重视,即使是考虑周全的收购计划也会失败,收购使企业努力适应不断变化的环境,是巧妙包装打造企业的捷径,因此相关案例仍会是常见的现象。但值得记住的是,收购只是宏观的企业战略的一部分。

2. Until the mid 1980s,Sweden’s approach to direct from abroad was quite restrictive and governed by a complex system of laws an regulations………….

20世纪80年代中期之前,瑞典一直通过一套复杂的法规制度监管外国直接投资,限制严格。但在80年代后期,有人对控制在瑞典的外国直接投资(FDI)的有效性和可取性提出疑问,这些疑问加之瑞典加入欧洲联盟(EU)大大改善了投资环境并吸引了外国投资者来到该国。现在瑞典被认为是一个颇具吸引力的招商引资国家。

瑞典当局实施了一系列的改革来改善经营监管环境,促进投资流入。他们不断寻求多种方式以确保外商在瑞典工作中更宽松多样的所有权形式,希望这样能醋精竞争,提高效率。因此,过去的十年中,外资所有权在瑞典迅速增加,外资企业现已雇佣了工商业部门近20%的劳动力,其中约半数受聘于服务性行业。

3. Ultimately, Google must grapple with essential paradox it embodies. As a corporation, it’s often a cipher, its intentions and methods concealed by algorithms that look impenetrable and impersonal……….

但Google最终必须克服公司发展强大所导致的反作用,作为一家公司,它总是显得扑朔迷离。它的意图和手段总是被那些深奥难解、冷酷无情的计算方法所掩盖。然而,这个搜索引擎以及建立在此之上的成就非凡的公司却完全以上万的个人和数以千计的公司为依托,这些人通过搜索而分享着彼此最隐秘的欲望,这些公司心甘情愿地开放它们的数据库,以满足Google像无底洞一样的贪婪胃口。也许,曾经成就了Google今日辉煌的数字驱动型企业文化需要在与外界打交道时多一些社交技巧。Eurekster 是一家搜索服务提供商,它利用网络社区的力量来提供搜索结果。该公司首席执行官史蒂夫·马德尔指出:“这项业务并不仅仅是广告点击,它还关乎人性。”

4. So will the EU-China summit be a success? That. Of course .depends on how participants define success. But EU negotiators probably will return home with minor results at best……

那么,这届中欧峰会成功吗?这当然取决于与会者如何定义成功,但根据最乐观的看法,欧盟谈判代表可能只带着一点小成果回家。除了来自中国方面所预料之内的阻力,代表们还有来自欧盟自身的障碍需要克服。首先,欧盟体制的复杂性使该组织很难以一个声音说话。成员国之间并不总是意见一致。如何才能制定正确的货币政策,法国和德国一直争执不下。这种分歧影响了欧盟采用什么方式管理欧元对人民币汇率。此外,欧盟各机构之间也有政策分歧,这包括欧洲理事会,欧盟委员会和欧洲议会。最近,就在欧盟委员会内部,各部门之间就发生了一场公开的争论,关于市否取消对从中国进口的节能灯泡征收反倾销税。

5. Being a partnership confers some advantages. It is not just that a large number of senior people are available to help train and encourage junior ones-what Deloitte……….

合伙人制度本身具有一定的优势。这种优势不仅在于一大批资深职员可以帮助培训和挽留年轻职员-这被德勤公司的Wall 先生称之为学徒制,还在于更多的人能够取得成功,在其他任何公司里,成功意味着获取公司中几个最高职位中一个-这个过程中或许还要挤走别人,但在合伙人制度里,金字塔的塔尖要宽的多。2006年,四大会计师事务所的合伙人超过了30000个。

合伙人制度也很具有灵活性:合伙人的数目可以扩大来容纳优秀人才 。合伙人之间协商一致的作风也很重要,尤其适用于管理聪明、利己主义的员工。共同所有权的原则还可以鼓励合伙人之间的交流和合作行为。“有了合伙人制度,英才管理的重要性更容易被人所接受,”Baird先生说。

Part I .  阅读,判断对错, Choose(T) or (F) on the answer sheet below.

《NO Country Is an Island》

Japan is reluctantly embracing globalization

1. Throughout its history Japan has oscillated between openness to foreign ideas and fierce isolationism.(2---------8 ,How to go global 9 ……14,….Come in, gaijin15……20…

Under new management ……22)

1. ( F) Japanese drug companies are strong enough to survive competition even if protectionist…..

2. (T) Toshiba achieved global scale through domestic and foreign acquisitions.

3. (F) Japan has actively participated in cross-border mergers and acquisitions.

4. ( T) Japanese government put in place regulations to protest growing domestic industries ……

5. ( T) The Capability of innovation for Japanese firms has weakened because of insufficient ……

6. ( F) Foreign affiliates are inferior to Japanese local firms in profitability capital investment……

7. ( F) Japanese firms avoid alliances because they may cause indignity.

8.(T)Japanese electronic firms have taken a cautious approach to outsourcing.

9. ( T) Many Japanese companies might benefit from borrowing and learning foreign………]

10. (F) Starbucks introduces bus-stop advertising after an old rule banning roadside…….

《Accounting for Good People》

1. BEING interesting can be overrated. Accountants became suddenly intriguing in 2002 with the spectacular collapse of Arthur Andersen, because of its involvement in the scandals surrounding the fall of Enron ( ……5…Staff demands …6….9..Across borders…17…Scoring skills…..22 More room at the top…..27)

1. (F) Collectively employing some 500000people around the world, the big four……….

2. (T) Due to the importance of their human assets, the accountancy firms are taking ……

3. (F) In an era of job-hopping and a scarcity of skills. The accountancy firms ………

4. (T) A major problem associated with bringing in outsiders as partners to make up……

5. (T) Mobility is useful way to retain and help employees for new graduates.

6. (T) Unlike what they did in the past, the Big Four accountancy firms are seriously…….

7. (F) Due to the lack of qualified or promising employees, the Big Four accountancy firms all…..

8. (F) Cynics are sure that expansion in the fast-growing advisory businesses will make……

9. (F) Practically everyone can be a partner as long as they work hard enough in the accountancy firms.

10. (T) High staff turnover rate is always associated with accountancy, when many employees……

《The Dilemma of Creative Advertising》

Marketing people. As everyone else, have a sincere and understandable interest in observing the effects of their own activities (…… No Gimmicks……Common occurrence……Familiarity Principle …….Copy and Flexibility …Advertiser’

 

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