Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
1. Until then, his family _____ from him for six months.
A. didn’t hear B. hasn’t been hearing C. hasn’t heard D. hadn’t heard
2. The conference _____ a full week by the time it ends.
A. must have lasted B. will have lasted C. would last D. has lasted
3. Please be careful when you are drinking coffee in case you _____ the new carpet.
A. crash B. pollute C. spot D. stain
4. Some old people don’t like pop songs because they can’t _____ so much noise.
A. resist B. sustain C. tolerate D. undergo
Part II Reading Comprehension (40 points, 35 minutes)
Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Questions 51 to 55 are based on the following passage:
Psychologists take opposing view of how external rewards, from warm praise to cold cash, affect motivation and creativity. Behaviorists, who study the relation between actions and their consequences, argue that rewards can improve performance at work and school. Cognitive researchers, who study various aspects of mental life, maintain that rewards often destroy creativity by encouraging dependence on approval and gift from others.
The latter view has gained many supporters, especially among educators. But the careful use of small monetary rewards spares sparks creativity in grade-school children, suggesting that properly presented inducements (刺激) indeed aid inventiveness, according to a Study in the June Journal of Personality and social Psychology.
“If kids know they’re working for a reward and can focus on a relatively challenging task, they show the most creativity,” says Robert Eisenberger of the University of Delaware in Newark. “But it’s easy to kill creativity by giving rewards of poor performance or creating too much anticipation for rewards.”
A teacher who continually draws attention to rewards or who hands out high grades for ordinary achievement ends up with uninspired student, Eisenberger holds. As an example of the latter point, he notes growing efforts at major universities to tighten grading standards and restore failing grades.
In earlier grades, the use of so called token economics in which students handle challenging problems and receive performance-based points toward valued rewards, shows promise in raising effort and creativity, the Delaware psychologist claims.
31. Psychologists are divided with regard to their attitudes toward _____.
A) the choice between spiritual encouragement and monetary rewards
B) the amount of monetary rewards for students’ creativity
C) the study of relationship between actions and their consequences
D) the effects of external rewards on students' performance
32. What is the response of many educators to external rewards for their students?
A) They have no doubts about them.
B) They have doubts about them.
C) They approve of them.
D) They avoid talking about them.
33. Which of the following can best raise students’ creativity according to Robert Elsenberger?
A) Assigning them tasks they have not dealt with before.
B) Assigning them tasks which require inventiveness.
C) Giving them rewards really deserve.
D) Giving them rewards they anticipate.
34. It can be inferred from the passage that major universities are trying to tighten their grading standards because they believe _____.
A) rewarding poor performance may kill the creativity of students
B) punishment is more effective than rewarding.
C) failing uninspired students helps improve their overall academic standards
D) discouraging the students’ anticipation for easy rewards is a matter of urgency
35. The phrase “token economies” (Line 1. Para.5) probably refers to
A) ways to develop economy
B) system of rewarding students
C) approaches to solving problems
D) methods of improving performance
Part III Cloze ( 10 points, 15 minutes )
Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should choose the One that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
While in the army there was nothing I disliked so much as the map-reading course, (51)_____ the simple reason that I always felt lost even with a map in my hand. For weeks I had lain (52)_____ at night thinking of the practical test I (53)_____ to face at the end of the (54)_____. At last, the evil day arrived. It was to be my (55)_____ to lead a small band of soldiers back to camp from the middle of (56)_____. We were driven out in a closed lorry and left in a ploughed field with instructions to get back as (57)_____ as possible.
Well knowing my abilities, the soldiers smiled as they saw me (58)_____ the map and they made all sorts of helpful suggestions. I folded the map (59)_____, put it in my pocket, and said that we would (60)_____ east.
After walking through cornfields (61)_____ over an hour we came to a wide stream. I again looked at the map. It (62)_____ to be covered with masses of thin blue lines. But which (63)_____ line was this stream? In (64)_____, we sat down in the cool shade. About fifteen minutes later, a boat passed and I asked the boatman to give us a (65)_____ to the nearest village. I pretended that we had been out for a walk and (66)_____ got lost.
The boatman invited us on (67)_____ and I felt very foolish when he told me that he had helped (68)_____ of soldiers to pass their map reading test! Not long (69)_____, we got off the boat and, following the boatman's instructions, (70)_____ a bus into the village.
51. A) because B) as C) for D) since
52. A) wake B) awake C) waked D) awaken
53. A) have B) will have C) had D) would have
54. A) class B) course C) lesson D) semester
55. A) responsibility B) chance C) opportunity D) practice
56. A) everywhere B) wherever C) anywhere D) nowhere
57. A) immediately B) instantly C) quickly D) presently
58. A) looking on B) looking for C) look at D) look into
59. A) up B) in C) down D) out
60. A) lead B) head C) follow D) turn
61. A) on B) about C) through D) for
62. A) looked B) seemed C) likely D) thought
63. A) particular B) proper C) special D) necessary
64. A) hope B) courage C) despair D) spirit
65. A) help B) ride C) guide D) lift
66. A) somewhat B) somewhere C) sometime D. somehow
67. A) aboard B) board C) broad D) boat
68. A) hundred B) million C) hundreds D) millions
69. A) afterwards B) towards C) forwards D) upwards
70. A) got B) took C) rode D) drove
Part IV Translation (20 points, 20 minutes)
Directions: In this part, there are 6 items. Each item consists of one or more sentences. Translate the English into Chinese and Chinese into English. Note that all the English sentences are taken from the reading passages in Part II.
71. ( Lines 1～2, Para.1, Passage 1) Psychologists take opposing views of how external rewards, from warm praise to cold cash, affect motivation and creativity.
Ⅰ 1—30 词语和语法结构 30 15 20分钟
Ⅱ 31—50 阅读理解 20 40 35分钟
Ⅲ 51—70 完形填空 20 10 15分钟
Ⅳ 71—76 英汉互译 6 20 20分钟
V 写作 1 15 30分钟
合 计 77 100 120分钟